How Are Pool Tables Made?

how are pool tables made

If you’re interested in buying a new pool table, you might be wondering how they’re made. There are many factors that determine the durability and look of the table, such as the materials used for the cloth. You’ll learn about wood, metal, and plastic in this article. This article will give you some basic information about the materials that are used for pool tables and how they differ. This will make it easier for you to decide which type of material will work best for your table.


The global pool tables market is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 6.8% during the forecast period. The increase in urbanization has heightened the number of pool clubs and heightened the popularity of the game across the globe. In addition, a growing number of people are opting to play pool in the privacy of their homes or offices. This growth in demand is expected to spur market expansion.

There are many types of pool tables on the market, but the most popular is the wooden variety. Wooden pool tables are lightweight, which makes them ideal for smaller spaces. However, they lack the accuracy of slate tables. Other materials that are increasingly used for pool tables are plastic or acrylic. While these options are convenient for playing games with the kids, they are not ideal for serious competitions. If you’re a purist, you should only go for a slate table. The other types are not as good as slate, and you may have to compromise on durability if you want to compete in serious competitions.


Metal pool tables have many benefits, and they look more glamorous than wooden ones. They are also easier to maintain. The most noticeable advantage of metal pool tables is their durability. Most metal pool tables can withstand heavy usage and can be easily cleaned. This makes them an excellent choice for any home or business. However, there are some disadvantages to owning a metal table.

Wooden pool tables tend to be lighter in weight. Consequently, they are often used for kids’ tables. However, wood tables are not as precise as slate ones. Plastic and acrylic tables are also commonly used. These types of tables are best for recreational games, but are not suitable for serious competitions. For true purists, nothing can beat a slate table.


Pool tables are commonly made of plastic, but there are other materials that are just as durable. One of them is wood, and many pool tables are made from at least two types. Poplar, for instance, is a hard wood that is a great choice for the structural framework of the table. Other hardwoods, like oak, maple, and mahogany, are stronger and offer a more beautiful finish.

Plastic is also used to make the balls. Celluloid was initially used for pool balls, but these were difficult to use and prone to cracking. Then, in 1907, Leo Baekeland invented a petroleum-based plastic called Bakelite. By the 1940s, most top pool tournaments were playing with plastic balls. By then, however, the sport had reached its peak and the Depression had set in, and it never regained its prominence. However, the plastic age has continued.


The process of making a pool table involves the preparation of slate. It is mined from a quarry and then processed into flat sheets. These sheets are then cut with computer-controlled diamond-blade saws. The sheets are then shipped in sets of three, certified to be cut from the same slab. The three-section table surface is lighter, easier to level, and more durable. The slate sheets are then drilled for pockets and holes for screws and bolts.

A pool table made of three-piece slates is about one-fourth of an inch thicker than a one-piece slate. This thickness provides more support for the pool table cabinet. One-piece slates, however, are a good choice for beginners, because they are more durable and come with fewer imperfections. A billiard mechanic must exercise great care when leveling multiple pieces of slate. The type of flooring and construction of the cabinet will also affect the leveling process.

Felt fabric

Felt fabric is used to cover the top and bottom of a pool table to prevent scratching. Felt comes in several different colors and feels different in different places, so it’s best to consult a professional if you’re unsure of how to proceed. Before installing new felt, it’s a good idea to clean the surface and sand the table if necessary. Felt is usually sold in large pieces with instructions for trimming strips to form railings. Follow the manufacturer’s instructions to make sure you cut the correct pieces.

There are several types of felt, and some even come with a Teflon coating for extra protection. Before installing a new felt on your pool table, you should first measure the size of your table. Some felts come in precut sizes, but you need to make sure that it matches the dimensions of your table before installing it.

Diamond blades

There are two types of blades, one made from hard diamonds and the other from soft bonded diamonds. Hard bonded diamond blades are more durable than soft bonded blades and can withstand high abrasiveness. In addition, they can cut and grind any hard material, including stone. However, they must be used with the proper machines and tools.

A sintered diamond blade has a steel core made with diamonds bonded to it. This type of blade is very thin and can be as thin as a few micrometres thick. They can be used for general purpose applications.

Precision measuring instruments

The process of making pool tables involves a number of steps. Major components are usually pre-cut, but the tables still need to be assembled and finished. This process requires the use of precision measuring instruments, including a micrometer and a vernier caliper. Both types of instruments use precision measuring instruments to ensure that the components fit together properly.

Precision measuring instruments are devices that measure physical quantities and calculate exact values. Most are mechanical, but there are also digital, pneumatic, and optical models.

Slate is better than marble

Slate is better than marble for pool tables for many reasons. The natural breakability of slate means that it breaks into chunks, making it easier to cut into smaller pieces. Manufacturers typically begin by doing a rough cut, which reduces the overall size and weight. This step reduces the risk of cracking the slate.

Slate is a naturally occurring mineral that is sourced from a few countries. The largest exporters of slate are Brazil, India, China, and Italy. Slate produced from Italy is considered to be the highest quality. Look for the “OIS” mark on the slate table, which stands for “Original Italian Slate”. Slate from different countries has varying material compositions. Brazilian slate tends to be harder and Italian slate is softer.

In addition to being more durable, slate is less likely to warp, especially in damp and hot climates. Slate also allows for better control of the cue ball. This is one reason why many affiliated pool tournaments use slate bed tables.

Problems with non-slate surfaces

If you’re looking to buy a pool table that doesn’t have slate, you have a few different options. The most common non-slate table types are made of inexpensive “disposable” material. These tables are not intended to be disassembled and are often made with folding legs.

The downside of non-slate table surfaces is that they tend to warp and aren’t as durable. You need a table with a stable foundation and an even playing surface to prevent such issues. Non-slate surfaces can be made of phenolic resin, plastic honeycomb, and MDF.

Another non-slate table surface option is accuslate, a composite of fiberboard with a thin plastic layer. While accuslate is cheaper than slate and can hold up better under wear, it is not quite as durable. The PVC layer prevents the fiberboard from warping, but it still falls short of the durability of a slate table.